Stock, Taylor; Warschkow, Oliver; Constantinou, Procopios; Li, Juerong; Fearn, Sarah; Crane, Eleanor; Hofmann, Emily; Kölker, Alexander; McKenzie, David; Schofield, Steven; Curson, Neil. Atomic-Scale Patterning of Arsenic in Silicon by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy. ACS Nano,  2020 Mar 24; 14(3): 3316–3327

Jianhua Zhu, Wei Wu, and Andrew J. Fisher. Linear combination of atomic orbitals model for deterministically placed acceptor arrays in silicon. Phys. Rev. B 101, 085303.

K Stockbridge, S Chick, E Crane, A Fisher and B N Murdin. Using non-homogeneous point process statistics to find multi-species event clusters in an implanted semiconductor. J. Phys. Commun. 4 015010

Le, N.H., Fisher, A.J., Curson, N.J., and Ginossar E.. Topological phases of a dimerized Fermi–Hubbard model for semiconductor nano-lattices. npj Quantum Inf 6, 24 (2020).


T. Peach, K. Stockbridge, Juerong Li, K. P. Homewood, M. A. Lourenco, S. Chick, M. A. Hughes, B. N. Murdin, and S. K. Clowes, Enhanced diffusion and bound exciton interactions of high density implanted bismuth donors in silicon, Applied Physics Letters 115 (7), 072102 (12 August 2019) DOI: 10.1063/1.5115835

Eleanor Crane, Thomas Crane, Alexander Schuckert, Nguyen H. Le, Kristian Stockbridge, Steven Chick, and Andrew J. Fisher, Optically Controlled Entangling Gates in Randomly Doped Silicon, Phys. Rev. B 100, 064201 – Published 8 August 2019, DOI:

K Saeedi, N Stavrias, B Redlich, A F G van der Meer, R Mikhaylovskiy, A V Kimel, C R Pidgeon and B N Murdin, Spin preservation during THz orbital pumping of shallow donors in silicon, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 31 (43), 435401 (26 July 2019) DOI: 10.1088/1361-648X/ab31d2

NH Le, GV Lanskii, G Aeppli, BN Murdin, Giant non-linear susceptibility of hydrogenic donors in silicon and germanium, Nature Light: Science & Applications 8 (1), 64 (10/7 2019) DOI: 10.1038/s41377-019-0174-6


Steven Chick, Guy Matmon, Ben Murdin, Mira Naftaly, Metrology of Complex Refractive Index for Solids in the Terahertz Regime Using Frequency Domain Spectroscopy, Metrologia 55 6, October 2018

K. Murata and C. Kirkham and S. Tsubomatsu and T. Kanazawa and K. Nitta and Y. Terada and T. Uruga and K.-i. Nittoh and D. R. Bowler and K. Miki, Atomic layer doping of Mn magnetic impurities from surface chains at a Ge/Si hetero-interface, Nanoscale  10  295-301  (2018)

Tom Peach, Kevin Homewood, Manon Lourenco, Mark Hughes, Kaymar Saeedi, Nik Stavrias, Juerong Li, Steven Chick, Ben Murdin, Steven Clowes, The Effect of Lattice Damage and Annealing Conditions on the Hyperfine Structure of Ion Implanted Bismuth Donors in Silicon, Advanced Quantum Technologies , p. 1800038

Juerong Li, Nguyen H. Le, K. L. Litvinenko, S. K. Clowes, H. Engelkamp, S. G. Pavlov, H.-W. Hübers, V. B. Shuman, L. М. Portsel, А. N. Lodygin, Yu. A. Astrov, N. V. Abrosimov, C. R. Pidgeon, A. Fisher, Zaiping Zeng, Y.-M. Niquet, and B. N. Murdin, Radii of Rydberg states of isolated silicon donors, Phys. Rev. B 98, 085423

K. Saeedi, N. Stavrias, B. Redlich, H. Riemann, N. V. Abrosimov, P. Becker, H.-J. Pohl, M. L. W. Thewalt, and B. N. Murdin, Short lifetime components in the relaxation of boron acceptors in silicon, Phys. Rev. B 97, 125205

M. A. W. van Loon, N. Stavrias, Nguyen H. Le, K. L. Litvinenko, P. T. Greenland, C. R. Pidgeon, K. Saeedi, B. Redlich, G. Aeppli & B. N. Murdin, Giant multiphoton absorption for THz resonances in silicon hydrogenic donors, Nature Photonics, volume 12, pages 179–184 (2018), doi:10.1038/s41566-018-0111-x

Guy Matmon, Eran Ginossar, Byron J. Villis, Alex Kölker, Tingbin Lim, Hari Solanki, Steven R. Schofield, Neil J. Curson, Juerong Li, Ben N. Murdin, Andrew J. Fisher, Gabriel Aeppli. 2D-3D crossover in a dense electron liquid in silicon, Phys. Rev. B 97, 155306

W. Wu, P. T. Greenland, A. J. Fisher, et al. Excited states of defect linear arrays in silicon: A first-principles study based on hydrogen cluster analogues, Phys. Rev. B 97, 035205

Richard Smith, David R. Bowler, Reaction paths of alane dissociation on the Si(0 0 1) surface, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Volume 30, Number 10


S. Chick, N. Stavrias, K. Saeedi, B. Redlich, P. T. Greenland, G. Matmon, M. Naftaly, C. R. Pidgeon, G. Aeppli & B. N. Murdin, Coherent superpositions of three states for phosphorous donors in silicon prepared using THz radiation, Nature Communications volume 8, Article number: 16038 (2017), doi:10.1038/ncomms16038

Richard Smith, David R. Bowler, Alane adsorption and dissociation on the Si(0 0 1) surface, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Volume 29, Number 39

Nguyen H. Le, Andrew J. Fisher, and Eran Ginossar, Extended Hubbard model for mesoscopic transport in donor arrays in silicon, Phys. Rev. B 96, 245406

M. Longobardi, C. J. Kirkham, R. Villarreal, S. A. Köster, D. R. Bowler, and Ch. Renner, Electronic coupling between Bi nanolines and the Si(001) substrate: An experimental and theoretical study . Phys. Rev. B (2017) 10.1103/PhysRevB.96.235421

C. C. J. Kirkham, M. Longobardi, S. A. Köster, Ch. Renner, and D. R. Bowler, Subatomic electronic feature from dynamic motion of Si dimer defects in Bi nanolines on Si(001). Phys. Rev. B (2017) 10.1103/PhysRevB.96.075304

N. Stavrias, K. Saeedi, B. Redlich, P. T. Greenland, H. Riemann, N. V. Abrosimov, M. L. W. Thewalt, C. R. Pidgeon, and B. N. Murdin, Competition between homogeneous and inhomogeneous broadening of orbital transitions in Si:Bi, Phys. Rev. B 96, 155204

Leonardo Banchi, Joaquín Fernández-Rossier, Cyrus F. Hirjibehedin, and Sougato Bose, Gating Classical Information Flow via Equilibrium Quantum Phase Transitions, Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 147203 

Georg Gramse, Alexander Kölker, Tingbin Lim, Taylor J. Z. Stock, Hari Solanki, Steven R. Schofield, Enrico Brinciotti, Gabriel Aeppli, Ferry Kienberger, and Neil J. Curson, Nondestructive imaging of atomically thin nanostructures buried in silicon, Science Advances 3 (6) (2017). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1602586

K. Murata, Kirkham C, Shimomura M, Nitta K, Uruga T, Terada Y, Nittoh KI, Bowler DR, Miki K., Dopant activation mechanism of Bi wire-delta-doping into Si crystal, investigated with wavelength dispersive fluorescence x-ray absorption fine structure and density functional theory.  J. Phys. Cond. Matt. (2017) 10.1088/1361-648X/aa6180

Keisuke Sagisaka, Jun Nara and David Bowler, Importance of bulk states for the electronic structure of semiconductor surfaces: implications for finite slabs, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Volume 29, Number 14 (2017)

Sharad Joshi, Carl R. Pidgeon, Ben N. Murdin, and Ian Galbraith, Phase control of photon-echo dynamics with overlapping pulse pairs, Phys. Rev. A 95, 013416 (2017)

Andreev Yu, Kokh AE, Kokh KA, Lanskiy GV, Litvinenko K, Mamrashev AA, Molloy JF, Murdin B, Naftaly M, Nikolaev NA and Svetlichnyi VA, Observation of a different birefringence order at optical and THz frequencies in LBO crystal, Optical Materials, 66. pp. 94-97 (2017)

V. Brazdova and D. R. Bowler and K. Sinthiptharakoon and P. Studer and A. Rahnejat and N. J. Curson and S. R. Schofield and A. J. Fisher, Exact location of dopants below the Si(001):H surface from scanning tunneling microscopy and density functional theory, Phys. Rev. B 95 075408 (2017)


Litvinenko, K.L., Juerong Li, N. Stavrias, A.J. Meaney, P.C.M. Christianen, H. Engelkamp, K.P. Homewood, C.R. Pidgeon, and B.N. Murdin, The Quadratic Zeeman Effect Used for State-Radius Determination in Neutral Donors and Donor Bound Excitons in Si:P. Semiconductor Science and Technology, 2016. 31(4): p. 045007. doi:10.1088/0268-1242/31/4/045007

K. L. Litvinenko, P. T. Greenland, B. Redlich, C. R. Pidgeon, G. Aeppli, and B. N. Murdin, Weak probe readout of coherent impurity orbital superpositions in silicon, Phys. Rev. B 94, 235207. DOI:

Matmon, G. and Lynch, S. A. and Rosenbaum, T. F. and Fisher, A. J. and Aeppli, G., Optical response from terahertz to visible light of electronuclear transitions in LiYF4:Ho3+, Physical Review B, Vol. 94 (2016), p. 205132, DOI:

O. Warschkow, N. J. Curson, S. R. Schofield, N. A. Marks, H. F. Wilson, M. W. Radny, P. V. Smith, T. C. G. Reusch, D. R. McKenzie, and M. Y. Simmons, Reaction Paths of Phosphine Dissociation on Silicon (001).  J. Chem. Phys. (2016) 10.1063/1.4939124


P. T. Greenland, G. Matmon, B. J. Villis, E. T. Bowyer, Juerong Li, B. N. Murdin, A. F. G. van der Meer, B. Redlich, C. R. Pidgeon, and G. Aeppli “Quantitative analysis of electrically detected Ramsey fringes in P-doped Si”  Phys. Rev. B, 92, 165310 (2015) DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.92.165310

K. L. Litvinenko, E. T. Bowyer, P. T. Greenland, N. Stavrias, Juerong Li, R. Gwilliam, B. J. Villis, G. Matmon, M. L. Y. Pang, B. Redlich, A. F. G. van der Meer, C. R. Pidgeon, G. Aeppli and B. N. Murdin “Coherent creation and destruction of orbital wavepackets in Si:P with electrical and optical read-out”  Nat. Comms, 6, 6549 (2015) doi:10.1038/ncomms7549

Saeedi, K., M. Szech, P. Dluhy, J.Z. Salvail, K.J. Morse, H. Riemann, N.V. Abrosimov, N. Nötzel, K.L. Litvinenko, B.N. Murdin, and M.L.W. Thewalt, Optical Pumping and Readout of Bismuth Hyperfine States in Silicon for Atomic Clock Applications. Sci. Rep., 2015. 5,  DOI: 10.1038/srep10493.

A. Nakata, D R. Bowler  and T Miyazaki., Optimized multi-site local orbitals in the large-scale DFT program CONQUEST.  Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (2015) 10.1039/C5CP00934K

Murdin, B. N., K. Litvinenko, J. R. Li, E. Bowyer, M. Pang, P. T. Greenland, B. Villis, G. Aeppli, A. F. G. van der Meer, B. Redlich, H. Engelkamp, and C. R. Pidgeon. “Nano-Orbitronics in Silicon.” In Ultrafast Magnetism I, edited by J. Y. Bigot, W. Hubner, T. Rasing, and R. Chantrell, vol 159, Springer Proceedings in Physics, 92-93, 2015.

Park, J., Y. A. Soh, G. Aeppli, X. Feng, Y. B. Ou, K. He, and Q. K. Xue. “Crystallinity of Tellurium Capping and Epitaxy of Ferromagnetic Topological Insulator Films on Srtio3.” Scientific Reports, 2015. 5: p. 11595.


K. Sinthiptharakoon, S.R. Schofield, P. Studer, V. Brázdová, C.F. Hirjibehedin, D.R. Bowler and N.J. Curson “Investigating individual arsenic dopant atoms in silicon using low-temperature scanning tunnelling microscopy”  Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 26 012001 (2014) doi:10.1088/0953-8984/26/1/012001

K. L. Litvinenko, S. G. Pavlov, H.-W. Hübers, N. V. Abrosimov, C. R. Pidgeon, and B. N. Murdin “Photon assisted tunneling in pairs of silicon donors”  Phys. Rev. B, 89, 235204 (2014) doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.89.235204

Ellis T. Bowyer, B. J. Villis, Juerong Li, K. L. Litvinenko, B. N. Murdin, Morteza Erfani, Guy Matmon, Gabriel Aeppli, Jean-Michel Ortega, Rui Prazeres, Li Dong and Xiamei Yu “Picosecond dynamics of a silicon donor based terahertz detector device”  Appl. Phys. Lett., 105, 021107 (2014) doi:10.1063/1.4890526

K. L. Litvinenko, M. Pang, Juerong Li, E. Bowyer, H. Engelkamp, V. B. Shuman, L. M. Portsel, A. N. Lodygin, Yu. A. Astrov, S. G. Pavlov, H.-W. Hübers, C. R. Pidgeon, and B. N. Murdin “High-field impurity magneto-optics of Si:Se”  Phys. Rev. B, 90, 115204 (2014) doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.90.115204

Y. Wen, W. Ma, J. Bailey, G. Matmon, X. Yu, and G. Aeppli, “Planar broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber using single nested resonator,” inCLEO: 2014, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper JW2A.118. doi:10.1364/CLEO_AT.2014.JW2A.118

Yongzheng Wen, Wei Ma, Joe Bailey, Guy Matmon, Xiaomei Yu, and Gabriel Aeppli, “Planar broadband and high absorption metamaterial using single nested resonator at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1589-1592 (2014). doi: 10.1364/OL.39.001589

Wen, Yongzheng and Ma, Wei and Bailey, Joe and Matmon, Guy and Aeppli, Gabriel and Yu, Xiaomei, Absorption modulation of terahertz metamaterial by varying the conductivity of ground plane, Applied Physics Letters, 105, 141111 (2014). doi: 10.1063/1.4897931


Gavin W. Morley, Petra Lueders, M. Hamed Mohammady, Setrak J. Balian, Gabriel Aeppli, Christopher W. M. Kay, Wayne M. Witzel, Gunnar Jeschke & Tania S. Monteiro “Quantum control of hybrid nuclear–electronic qubits”, Nature Materials 12, 103 (2013) 10.1038/nmat3499

B.N. Murdin, Juerong Li, M.L.Y. Pang, E.T. Bowyer, K.L. Litvinenko, S.K. Clowes, H. Engelkamp, C.R. Pidgeon, I. Galbraith, N.V. Abrosimov, H. Riemann, S.G. Pavlov, H-W. Hübers & P.G. Murdin, “Si:P as a laboratory analogue for hydrogen on high magnetic field white dwarf stars” Nature Communications 4, 1469 (2013) 10.1038/ncomms2466

N. Q. Vinh, B. Redlich, A. F. G. van der Meer, C. R. Pidgeon, P. T. Greenland, S. A. Lynch, G. Aeppli, and B. N. Murdin “Time-Resolved Dynamics of Shallow Acceptor Transitions in Silicon” Phys. Rev. X 3, 011019 (2013) 10.1103/PhysRevX.3.011019

K. Iwaya, D. R. Bowler, V. Brázdová, A. Ferreira da Silva, Ch. Renner, W. Wu, A. J. Fisher, A. M. Stoneham, and G. Aeppli “Half-filled orbital and unconventional geometry of a common dopant 1i Si(001)” Phys. Rev. B 88, 035440 (2013) doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.88.035440

Philipp Studer, Steven R. Schofield, Cyrus F. Hirjibehedin, and Neil J. Curson “Studying atomic scale structural and electronic properties of ion implanted silicon samples using cross-sectional scanning tunneling microscopy” Applied Physics Letters 102, 012107 (2013) doi: 10.1063/1.4772508

S.R. Schofield, P. Studer, C.F. Hirjibehedin, N. J. Curson, G. Aeppli, and D.R. Bowler “Quantum engineering at the silicon surface using dangling bonds” Nature Communications 4, 1649 (2013) doi: 10.1038/ncomms2679

Yongzheng Wen, Wei Ma, Bailey, J., Matmon, G., Xiaomei Yu and Aeppli, G., “Dual-band metamaterial absorbers at terahertz frequency based on gold/parylene-C/silicide structure,” Microwave Conference Proceedings (APMC), 2013 Asia-Pacific , vol., no., pp.1191,1193, 5-8 Nov. (2013)doi:10.1109/APMC.2013.6695067

Y. Wen, W. Ma, J. Bailey, G. Matmon, X. Yu, and G. Aeppli, “Polarization-independent dual-band terahertz metamaterial absorbers based on gold/parylene-C/silicide structure,” Appl. Opt.  52, 4536-4540 (2013).doi:10.1364/AO.52.004536


C. J. Kirkham, V. Brázdová, D. R. Bowler; “Bi on the Si(001) surface”, Physical Review B 86, 035328 (2012) 10.1103/PhysRevB.86.035328

M. H. Mohammady, G. W. Morley, A. Nazir, and T. S. Monteiro “Analysis of quantum coherence in bismuth-doped silicon: A system of strongly coupled spin qubits” Physical Review B 85, 094404 (2012) 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.094404

S.J. Balian , M. B. A. Kunze, M. H. Mohammady, G. W. Morley, W. M. Witzel, C. W. M. Kay and T. S. Monteiro “Measuring central-spin interaction with a spin bath by pulsed ENDOR: Towards suppression of spin diffusion decoherence” Physical Review B 86, 104428 (2012) 10.1103/PhysRevB.86.104428

D. R. McCamey, C. Boehme, G. W. Morley, and J. van Tol “Electrically detected spin echoes of donor nuclei in silicon” Physical Review B 85, 073201 (2012).10.1103/PhysRevB.85.073201

Philipp Studer, Veronika Brázdová, Steven R. Schofield, David R. Bowler, Cyrus F. Hirjibehedin, and Neil J. Curson “Site-Dependent Ambipolar Charge States Induced by Group V Atoms in a Silicon Surface” ACS Nano 6, 10456 (2012) doi: 10.1021/nn3039484


Philipp Studer, Steven R. Schofield, Greg Lever, David R. Bowler, Cyrus F. Hirjibehedin, and Neil J. Curson, “Model system for controlling strain in silicon at the atomic scale”,Physical Review B 84, 041306(R) (2011) 10.1103/PhysRevB.84.041306

G. W. Morley, D R. McCamey, C Boehme, J van Tol “Electrically detected Rabi oscillations of phosphorus qubits in silicon” physica status solidi (b), 248, 2697, (2011)10.1002/pssb.201100145


S. A. Lynch, G. Matmon, S. G. Pavlov, K. L. Litvinenko, B. Redlich, A. F. G. van der Meer, N. V. Abrosimov, H.-W. Hübers “Inhomogeneous broadening of phosphorus donor lines in the far-infrared spectra of single-crystalline SiGe” Physical Review B 82, 245206 (2010). 10.1103/PhysRevB.82.245206

D R McCamey, J van Tol, G W Morley & C Boehme, “Electronic Spin Storage in an Electrically Readable Nuclear Spin Memory with a Lifetime >100 Seconds”, Science 330, 1652 (2010), 10.1126/science.1197931

G W Morley, M Warner, A M Stoneham, P T Greenland, J van Tol, C W M Kay & G Aeppli, “Initialization, manipulation and storage of quantum information using bismuth dopants in silicon”, Nature Materials 9, 725 (2010), 10.1038/nmat2828

M H Mohammady, G W Morley & T S Monteiro, “Bismuth Qubits in Silicon: The Role of EPR Cancellation Resonances”, Physical Review Letters 105, 067602 (2010), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.067602

Greenland PT, Lynch SA, van der Meer AFG, Murdin BN, Pidgeon CR, Redlich B, Vinh NQ, Aeppli G; “Coherent control of Rydberg states in silicon”, Nature 465, 7301, 1057-U116, 2010, 10.1038/nature09112